A very large number of my Internet acquaintances along with both the English and German language media that I have access to are indulging in their yearly hysteria because today is New Year’s Eve and tomorrow is New Year’s Day, what they all seem to have forgotten is that it’s actually just another day.
A part, but by no means all, of human kind has arbitrarily decided to designate today as the day that they stop counting the days of the sun’s annual journey around the ecliptic and tomorrow start again from one. I say a part but by no means all because tomorrow is only New Year’s Day on the Gregorian calendar but not on many, many other calendars currently in use throughout the world, for example the Jewish, Muslim, Persian, Chinese, Vietnamese and numerous others.
The Gregorian New Year’s celebration doesn’t even coincide with a significant day in the annual solar journey, either of the equinoxes when the day and night are equally long or either of the solstices in summer with the longest day or in winter with the shortest day. My favoured candidate for New Year’s would be the winter solstice with, for me in the northern hemisphere, the start of the slow climb to spring and then on to summer, a genuine reason to celebrate and not an arbitrary and artificial one.
January the first wasn’t always the beginning of the calendrical year. Originally the Romans, from whom we inherit our calendar, celebrated the start of the year on 1 March, as can be seen from the names of their months, September is the seventh month, December the tenth.
Some time before Julius Caesar introduced the solar calendar, that would go on to bear his name, in 46 BCE the Romans moved the start of the year from 1 March to 1 January, the feast of Janus, the Roman god of beginnings and endings. In the Middle Ages some countries, not keen to celebrate a pagan festival, moved New Year’s Day to 25 March the Christian Feast of the Annunciation, that is the day that Mary supposedly became pregnant with Jesus. This led to two different ways of numbering the days of the year, Circumcision Style starting from 1 January, Circumcision of Our Lord in the Church calendar and Annunciation Style from 25 March. For a time in the Middle Ages the start of the year was counted by some from the 25 December, Nativity Style, or from the Easter Feast, Easter Style. The latter was considered somewhat inconvenient because Easter is a moveable feast.
When Pope Gregory introduced his calendar reform in 1582 his reform committee has settled on 1 January as the unified start of the year. Some countries, most notably Great Britain and its colonies, which initially rejected the Catholic calendar reform retained the Annunciation Style of counting leading to the strange anomaly of Newton’s date of death. On the Gregorian calendar, new style, he not only died eleven days but a whole year later than on the Julian calendar, old style.
So when you set out, to do what ever it is that you plan to do, to celebrate this evening just remember that in reality today is just another day in the sun’s seemingly endless journey along the ecliptic and any other day would do just as well and has done so throughout human history and continues to do so in many other cultures.
However what ever your beliefs and no mater which calendar you follow and on which day you celebrate the start of another round of the loop, I wish you all the best for the next 366 days of your life, as 2016 is a leap year on the Gregorian calendar.
Post modified 22 December 2017, see comments on original version, Baerista was right and I was wrong.